When The Grid Is Too Far Away: A Systems Approach To Managing Rural On-Site Wastewater Plants In Norway

In Norway, on-site wastewater treatment systems often fail to meet their target treatment levels. A range of actors are involved in the management of the plants, with few incentives to improve performance. A systems-approach can improve compliance by improving agency and accountability amongst the actors involved. Read more

Recirculation of Economic Dividends within Social-Economic-Ecosystems

Ecosystems may be considered as either non-social or social ecological systems (SES) depending on the presence of social linkages and the perception of derived value from the ecosystem services (ES). However, ES may often be under competitive pressures where the consumptive demands of socio-economic projects impact ecosystem sustainability. Read more